The idea of this study is to examine the way in which a biological organism achieves “emerging” and complex functions and structures based on simple components. This is related to the exploration of component design, prototyping and production in architectural and industrial today. The intention is to suggest the possibility for architectural design from a component-based strategy derived from the analysis of biological systems. The biological system examined in this case is the Venus Flytrap and precisely the "trap" used to hunt insects. This mechanism of instantaneous closure is a complex interaction between elasticity, swelling and growth. The "trap" was modeled digitally and both digital and physical experiments were developed. The mechanism of this carnivorous plant applied to the architecture could create complex, aesthetic and flexible surfaces, capable of changing according to programmatic requirements, climatic conditions and environmental variations. For this, it would be necessary to recognize the difference in scale and program. A possible architectural application could be a system of components based on two surface layers which are connected so that air can be transferred between the components. The concept would be based on the premise that the pressure in the components changes and therefore the volume. Changes in pressure and air distribution between components and layers would affect the curvature of the total surface as shown in the regional scale of physical and digital experiments. As it was examined in the experiments, thinking of an architectural application, the elasticity and growth of the components is necessary to achieve double curvatures. The components could be manufactured with an elastic material that can provide them with the ability to increase and reduce their volume according to the pressure inside.